WmiSetBrightness method not supported (.Net 4.0, Winforms, Windows 7).


Well-known member
Sep 20, 2007
Programming Experience
I'm trying to adjust the brightness (not the gamma ramp values) of the monitor using WmiSetBrightness method but the system throws a ManagementException during runtime saying 'Not supported'. I have seen a lot of people using this concept and running successfully. So what's wrong with mine? Is it because this is not supported in Windows 7 Ultimate; on which I'm working?
My Code follows:

		Private Sub Button1_Click(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) Handles Button1_Click
				Dim mclass As New ManagementClass("WmiMonitorBrightnessMethods")
				mclass.Scope = New ManagementScope("\\.\root\wmi")
				Dim instances As ManagementObjectCollection = mclass.GetInstances()

				For Each instance As ManagementObject In instances
					Dim brightness As Byte = 50 'In percent.
					Dim timeout As UInt64 = 1 'In seconds.
					Dim args As Object() = New Object() {brightness, timeout}
					instance.InvokeMethod("WmiSetBrightness", args) 'Only work on the first object.
					Exit For
			Catch ex As ManagementException
			End Try
		End Sub

To test if the instances are literally obtained, I commented the foreach part and tried to print the count of the instances using instances.Count.ToString() through a MessageBox but still the exception is thrown.

As an alternative, I tried to work with DeviceIOControl and IOCTL_VIDEO_SET_DISPLAY_BRIGHTNESS but of no success. The code follows:

Public Class Form1
    Private Declare Auto Function CreateFile Lib "kernel32" _
    (ByVal lpFileName As String, ByVal dwDesiredAccess As Int32, _
     ByVal dwShareMode As Int32, ByVal lpSecurityAttributes As IntPtr, _
     ByVal dwCreationDisposition As Int32, _
     ByVal dwFlagsAndAttributes As Int32, ByVal hTemplateFile As IntPtr) As IntPtr

    Const GENERIC_READ As Int32 = &H80000000%
    Const SHARE_ALL As Int32 = &H7%
    Const OPEN_EXISTING As Int32 = &H3%


    Private Structure BRIGHTNESS
        Public ucDisplayPolicy As Byte
        Public ucACBrightness As Byte
        Public ucDCBrightness As Byte
    End Structure

    Private Declare Auto Function DeviceIoControl Lib "kernel32" _
     (ByVal hDevice As IntPtr, ByVal dwIoControlCode As Int32, _
     ByRef lpInBuffer As BRIGHTNESS, ByVal nInBufferSize As Int32, _
     ByVal lpOutBuffer As IntPtr, ByVal nOutBufferSize As Int32, _
     ByRef lpBytesReturned As Int32, ByVal lpOverlapped As IntPtr) As Boolean

    Private Declare Auto Function CloseHandle Lib "kernel32" _
     (ByVal hObject As IntPtr) As Boolean

    ''' <summary>
    ''' Set the brightness of the screen.
    ''' </summary>
    ''' <param name="Brightness">The Screen Brightness.</param>
    Private Sub SetBrightness(ByRef Brightness As BRIGHTNESS)
        ' Get the display.
        Dim pDisplay As IntPtr = _
         CreateFile("\\.\LCD", GENERIC_READ, SHARE_ALL, IntPtr.Zero, OPEN_EXISTING, 0, IntPtr.Zero)

        ' Set the brightness.
        DeviceIoControl(pDisplay, IOCTL_VIDEO_SET_DISPLAY_BRIGHTNESS, _
        Brightness, Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.SizeOf(Brightness), IntPtr.Zero, 0, Nothing, IntPtr.Zero)

        ' Close the handle.
    End Sub

    Private Sub Button1_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button1.Click
        Dim brightness As BRIGHTNESS

        ' The brightness on DC Power.
        brightness.ucDCBrightness = 100
        ' The Brightness on AC Power.
        brightness.ucACBrightness = 100

        ' Call the function.
    End Sub
End Class

For some reason DeviceIoControl always returns False.
Please assist in sorting these out.

BTW, this is not about modifying gamma ramp values using SetDeviceGammaRamp, as it adjusts the contrast of the monitor; not the brightness. So, any post on that matter won't be of much help.

Top Bottom